Glossary Of Terms

Alignment – the ability to maintain safe posture and placement for dance.


Balance – the ability, during activity, to maintain centre of gravity and equilibrium in relation to different forces and distribution of weight.


Biopsychosocial model – an interdisciplinary model that looks at the interconnection between biology, psychology, and socio-environmental factors.


Body awareness – the internal understanding of where your body is in space, how it feels, and how it moves.


Chronic – persisting for a long time.


Coordination – the ability to efficiently control, execute and direct your movements in relation to internal and external factors.


Creativity – a dynamic process involving the ability to generate new ideas or concepts from original thinking that comes from the imagination.


Group dynamics – group interaction processes, influence by its members, objectives, activities and techniques used among the participants. They affect the individual behaviour, under the influence of the group. For example, group dynamics of trust and group cohesion, dynamics of communication, etc.


Elevation – the ability to move the centre of gravity efficiently between levels with control.


Equilibrium – a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced.


Kinesphere – the spherical space around the body whose periphery can be reached by extending the limbs. Your kinesphere moves with you.


Lordosis – excessive inward curve of the spine.


Proprioception – the feedback signals from the body to the brain, giving us the ability to sense the position and movement of the body.


Rhythm – pattern of movement or sound. Can be regular or irregular, governed internally or externally.


Safe practice – “allowing all dancers of every age, ability and style to engage fully in the act of dancing without risk of harm to the body or mind, while also supporting them to achieve their full potential” (Quinn, Rafferty & Tomlinson, 2015).


Spatial awareness – the ability to be aware of oneself in space in relation to other people or objects.


Strength – the amount of force required across a range of motion to safely and efficiently control movement.


Technique – the ability to safely and consistently execute a wide and varied range of movement with efficiency and control. Developing technique will provide the dancer with more and greater tools for expression.


Tempo – relative speed with which the action occurs in all the dance processes. Elements this may relate to include, teaching an activity or class, executing a movement, a choreographic composition, sound or music.


Travel – the ability to move the centre of gravity along the horizontal plane with efficiency and control.